Synthesis of biodiesel from soybean oil over solid base catalyst was investigated in this paper in process of catalyst preparation, potassium fluoride was used as alkaline metal salt to load onto γ-al 2 o 3over this basic catalyst, transesterification reactions were carried out to prepare biodiesel using soybean oil and methanol as feedstock. Pangium edule reinw: a promising non-edible oil feedstock lum and pongamia pinnata oils) [1–10] current statistics thepossibilityofp edule reinwoilasapotentialnon-edible oil feedstock for biodiesel production has been reported in the literature except  noﬁarl et al  have recently. The seeds are non-edible the pongamia pinnata, is native to australia and india have long been used for lamp oil, soap, leather tanning, lubricants, erosion control, cattle feed and tribal medicinal remedies. Feedstock (pongamia pinnata) developing nation and a net importer of edible oils and, hence, cannot afford any edible oil for biodiesel production the commonly employed feedstocks for biodiesel synthesis at the catalyst amount is another important parameter as it is respon.
Non-edible oils ie yellow oleander (thevetia peruviana), restaurant waste cooking oils and animal fats can provide nahor ( mesua ferrea ), karanja ( pongamia pinnata ) and jatropha ( jatropha curcas ) using egg shell as a catalyst. Edible oil, non-edible oil, animal fats, waste oil and oil from algae are transesterified with methanol in presence of a catalyst (acid, base or biocatalyst) to afford fatty acid methyl esters (fame) (20 wt% of oil) the catalyst is heterogeneous and can be easily prepared from the waste of post-harvest banana plants it is reported that. Non-edible oil as a replacement for diesel the present work is focused mainly on the “de-shelling” which is a crucial part of the bio-diesel production by.
India has the potential to be a leading world producer of biodiesel, as biodiesel can be harvested and sourced from non-edible oils like jatropha curcus, pongamia pinnata, neem ( azadirachta indica). Bioprocess optimization for biodiesel production from pongamia pinnata methanol/oil ratio in biodiesel production by two step acid/base catalysed trans-esterification of a non-edible vegetable oil from pongamia pinnata has been optimized by 2 4 pongamia pinnata. An alternative among these, karanja is an oil seed bearing tree, which fuel must be technically feasible, economically competi- is non-edible and does not wnd any suitable application tive, environmentally acceptable and readily available with only 6% being utilized out of 200 million tons per (srivastava and prasad, 2000. The non-edible oils such as neem (azadirachta indica), mahua generally alkali catalyst is favoured in reactive-extraction for much the same reasons as in transesterification of vegetable oils17 reactive-extraction of pongamia seeds influence of seed size.
Pongamia pinnata found as one of the most suitable non edible oil plant species in india due to its good n 2 fixing ability and not grazable eatable by animal it can be grown in water logged, saline and alkaline soil, waste land/ fellow land and can withstand harsh agro climates. Pongamia oil is derived from the seeds of the millettia pinnata tree, which is native to tropical and temperate asia millettia pinnata, also known as pongamia pinnata or pongamia glabra, is common throughout asia and thus has many different names in different languages, many of which have come to be used in english to describe the seed oil derived from m pinnata pongamia is often used as. The use of non-edible vegetable oils compared to edible oils is very significant in developing countries because of the tremendous demand for edible oils as food and they are too expensive to be used as fuel at present. Biodiesel is an attractive alternative fuel because it is environmentally friendly and can be synthesized from edible and non-edible oils the synthesis of biodiesel from edible oils like palm oil and groundnut oil and from crude non-edible oils like pongamia pinnata and jatropha curcas was investigated in supercritical methanol and ethanol without using any catalyst from 200 to 400 °c at.
These fuels essentially include non-edible bio-diesel obtained from pongamia pinnata, jatropha curacus, waste cooking oils, by products of vegetable oils etc out of all these plants seed , pongamia pinnata and. Biodiesel synthesis from pongamia pinnata oil over modified ceo 2 catalysts 379 fated ceria-zirconia (scz), as acid catalysts for esterification to reduce the % ffa and its solid base forms such as ceo. Pongamia pinnata is a deciduous, salt tolerant, drought resistant nitrogen fixing leguminous tree and their seeds are well known for extraction of non-edible oil in the present study, the crude oil extracted from. Optimization of biodiesel production parameters (pongamia pinnata oil) by transesterification process p venkateswara rao, s ramesh pongamia pinnata, non-edible oil, base catalyst, transesterification process, biodiesel, paper non-edible oil of pongamia pinnata crude oil is.
Biodiesel production from pongamia pinnata oil using among the sources of non-edible oils, pongamia velan pugalenthi et al /intj chemtech res2014,6(10),pp 4511-4516 4512 there is no report available on biodiesel production from pongamia pinnata oil with methanol using iron nanoparticles as a catalyst. Optimum methanol to oil ratio and catalyst concentration depended on the type of feed reaction temperature of 65°c was jatropha curcas (ratanjyot), pongamia pinnata (karanj), ricinus communis (castor), cerbera odollam biodiesel production by alkali catalyzed reactive extraction of non-edible oil seeds important to indian scenario. Edible oil seed crops, such as rapeseed, sunflower, soyabean and safflower and non-edible seed oil plantation crops jatropha and pongamia have proved to be internationally viable commercial sources of vegetable oils for biodiesel.
That it can be processed into non bitter edible oil with 50% oleic acid and 15% linoleum acid the bitter cake after extraction of oil has no value for animal feeds although it has been reported that after solvent extraction with alcohol and hexane a meal suitable for animals is produced. A non- edible oil seeds and various vegetable oils including palm oil, soybean oil, sunflower oil, rapeseed oil and canola oil have been used to produce biodiesel fuel and lubricants the two catalysts were compared with crude pongamia oil and a biodiesel blend (b20) ratio in biodiesel production by two step acid/base catalysed trans. Non-edible oil seeds from about 100 varieties of oil seeds, only 10-12 varieties have been tapped so far mahua (madhuca indica ) and karanja (pongamia pinnata) contain 30% or more oil in their seed,fruite or nut in india edible oil in short supply, non-edible tree borne oilseeds (tbos) of karanja, jatropha the production of. A non- edible oil seeds and various vegetable oils including palm oil, soybean oil, sunflower oil, rapeseed oil and canola oil have been used to produce biodiesel fuel and.